Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other CVDs include strokeheart failurehypertensive heart diseaserheumatic heart diseasecardiomyopathyabnormal heart rhythmscongenital heart diseasevalvular heartdiseasecarditisaortic aneurysmsperipheral artery diseasethromboembolic disease, and venous thrombosis. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide and in all regions except Africa. In 2008, 30% of all global death was attributed to cardiovascular diseases. Death caused by cardiovascular diseases are also higher in low- and middle-income countries as over 80% of all global deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases occurred in those countries. It is also estimated that by 2030, over 23 million people will die from cardiovascular diseases each year. It is estimated that 60% of the world’s cardiovascular disease burden will occur in the South Asian subcontinent despite only accounting for 20% of the world’s population. This may be secondary to a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. The proportional mortality rate due to CVD in Bangladesh is 30%.